JAMA. 2015;313(7):660. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.238
People living with HIV infection have a high incidence of AIDS-related cancers—Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer—and they’re at increased risk for other cancers as well. Yet only 41% of cancer survivors have been tested for HIV, including nearly half of patients with AIDS-related cancers. Clinicians should know a cancer patient’s HIV serostatus to improve cancer outcomes, reduce mortality, and identify secondary cancers that may result from co-infections with hepatitis B and C and Epstein-Barr virus.